In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Twenty-two of these pairs, called autosomesautosomesAn autosome is a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome . The members of an autosome pair in a diploid cell have the same morphology, unlike those in allosome pairs which may have different structures. The DNA in autosomes is collectively known as atDNA or auDNA.https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › AutosomeAutosome – Wikipedia, look the same in both males and females. Females have two copies of the X chromosome, while males have one X and one Y chromosome. ..